SELECT ISSUE

REVISTA MEDICALA ROMANA - Romanian Medical Journal, Vol. LXIII, Nr. 4, An 2016
ISSN 1220-5478  |  e-ISSN 2069-606X
ISSN-L 1220-5478

Indexată BDI  |  IDB Indexed

DOAJ
Ebsco Host - Medline

HIGHLIGHTS

Committe on Publication Ethics

A forum for responsible and ethical research publishing – Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

PREMIU NAȚIONAL AUTORI

RMJ și AMR oferă anual Premiul Național pentru Știință și Cercetare - pentru autorii celor mai bune articole științifice publicate [...]

Plagiatul – în actualitate

Tema plagiatului este tot mai mult discutată în ultima vreme. Apariția unor programe performante de căutare și identificare a similitudinilor între texte [...]

5-Hydroxytryptamine and skeleton status

, , , and

ABSTRACT

Introduction. 5-hydroxytryptamin (serotonin) represents a monoamine with different functions. Central neurotransmitter is related to mood, food and energy regulation and indirect positive effects on bone mass via leptin and sympathetic system. Gut-derived 5-hydroxytryptamine directly influences the skeleton through Wnt/Lrp5/beta catenin signalling with opposite actions to the central pool.
Method. This is a mini-review regarding serotonin- related bone changes.
Results and discussions. All the bone cells have receptors for 5-hydroxytryptamine while skeleton may have an intrinsic ability to locally generate it. The monoamine displays paracrine and autocrine actions, some incompletely described. One practical point is the potential bone loss in clinical situations with serotonin excess, as seen in carcinoid syndrome. Up to this moment, non-bone metastatic neuroendocrine tumours are not listed as a cause of secondary osteoporosis. Another practical aspect is the use of circulating 5-hydroxytryptamine as bone turnover marker surrogate for assessing the future fragility fracture probability. Despite some correlations with classical bone remodelling markers, no clear cut conclusion has been established yet.
Conclusion. 5-hydroxytryptamine displays complex effects on skeleton status, whether direct, indirect or local, but there are data still unknown, thus future need to connect the dots in this particular inter-disciplinary field.

Keywords: 5-hydroxytryptamine, bone, osteoporosis

Full text | PDF