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PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES ASSOCIATED WITH GALLSTONE DISEASE
The present study aims to identify and compare the psychological factors that may contribute to an individual’s predisposition for developing gallstone disease. Totally, 10,192 respondents to our specially designed triple questionnaire containing 614 psychological and medical items to assess the psychological features associated with gallstone disease were included in this cross-sectional study. The psychological items most strongly correlated with gallstone disease were those reflecting the tendency to self-sacrifice, hard-work, care for others, responsibility and discontent. At the heart of the gallstone-associated mindset seems to reside the inclination to frustrate one’s desires/interests for the sake of fulfilling one’s familial/social/professional duties/responsibilities.
Keywords: gallstone, psychological, psychic, self-sacrifi ce, hard-working, altruism, responsibility, discontent